ÖĞRENİLMİŞ İHTİYAÇLAR BAĞLAMINDATEMEL MOTİVASYON KAYNAKLARI (TMK) ÖLÇEĞİNİN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ, GÜVENİLİRLİK VE GEÇERLİK ANALİZİ

Ömer Lütfi ANTALYALI, Özgür BOLAT

Öz


Bu çalışmanın amacı, kuramsal temeli öğrenilmiş ihtiyaçlara dayanan Temel Motivasyon Kaynakları ölçeğinin (TMK) Türkçe olarak geliştirilmesidir. Araştırmacıların yaygın olarak kullandığı başarı ihtiyacı, bağlanma ihtiyacı ve güç ihtiyacına ek olarak düşünme ihtiyacı boyutu da eklenerek TMK dört boyutlu olarak incelenmiştir. İlk aşamada toplamda 1337 lisans öğrencisinden 8 aylık bir süre zarfında 12 turda veri toplanmış ve her bir turda ölçek geliştirilerek yapı geçerliliği sağlanmıştır. İkinci aşamada ise Türkiye genelinden seçilen 356 lisans öğrencisinden ve bir holding bünyesinde görev yapan 286 beyaz yakalı çalışandan veri toplanmıştır. Veriler açıklayıcı ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizi ile incelenmiş ve her iki örneklemde de %50’nin üzerinde açıklayıcılığı olan 4 faktörlü yapı elde edilmiştir. Boyutların her biri için elde edilen Cronbach alfa güvenilirlik katsayıları öğrenciler ve çalışanlarda sırasıyla; başarı ihtiyacı için 0,78, 0,74, bağlanma ihtiyacı için 0,73, 0,74, düşünme ihtiyacı için 0,79, 0,80, güç ihtiyacı için 0,82, 0,82 olarak elde edilmiştir. Elde edilen bulgular ışığında TMK’nın geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçüm aracı olduğu sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.  


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11616/AbantSbe.

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