NURSING HOME IN TURKEY: A REMEDY FOR THE CHANGING INTERGENERATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS OR A TOTAL INSTITUTION?

Pelin ÖNDER EROL

Öz


Currently, Turkish population has been ageing and the number of the elderly people who are placing into nursing homes has been increasing. Due to urbanization, women’s increased participation in labour force and ideational change from collectivism to individualism, the nursing home, as one of the bureaucratic organizations taking over the previous functions of the family, has been emerged as a facet of population ageing. However, the issue on how and by whom the elderly care is performed is standing upon an ambiguous base in Turkey, where filial piety as a cultural norm has still been of great importance while modern lifestyles may restrain families from providing caregiving for their elderly members. Hence the issue concerned in this study can be approached from two distinct theoretical frameworks. Nursing homes in Turkey can be conceptualized as a remedy for the changing intergenerational relationships, as well as a total institution which reflects the very idea of institutional settings receiving negative public attitude.


Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


Abadan-Unat, Nermin (1986). Women in the Developing World: Evidence from Turkey, Denver, Colorado: University of Denver.

Aboderin, Isabella (2005). “Changing Family Relationships in Developing Nations”. The Cambridge Handbook of Age and Ageing. Ed. M. L. Johnson, V. L. Bengtson, P. G. Coleman, and T. B. L. Kirkwood. New York: Cambridge University Press. 469-475.

Adak, Nurşen (2003). “Yaşlıların Gayri Resmi Bakıcıları: Kadınlar”. Aile ve Toplum 2 (6): 81-89.

Arun, Özgür (2008). “Yaşlı Bireyin Türkiye Serüveni: Kaliteli Yaşlanma İmkânı”. Gaziantep Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 7 (2): 313-330.

Aykan, Hakan and Wolf, Douglas A. (2000). “Traditionality, Modernity, and Household Composition: Parent-Child Coresidence in Contemporary Turkey”. Research on Aging 22 (4): 395-421.

Aytaç, Işık A. (1998). “Intergenerational Living Arrangements in Turkey”. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 13: 241-264.

Bowers, Barbara J. (1987). “Intergenerational Caregiving: Adult Caregivers and Their Aging Parents”. Advances in Nursing Science 9 (2): 20-31.

Cheng, Sheung-Tak (2009). “The Social Networks of Nursing-Home Residents in Hong Kong”. Ageing & Society 29: 163-178.

Cheung, Chau-kiu, Kwan, Alex Yiu-huen and Ng, Sik Hung (2006). “Impacts of Filial Piety on Preference for Kinship versus Public Care”. Journal of Community Psychology 34 (5): 617–634.

Cindoğlu, Dilek, Çemrek, Murat, Toktaş, Şule and Zencirci, Gizem (2008). “The Family in Turkey: The Battleground of the Modern and the Traditional”. Families in a Global Context. Ed. I. C. Hennon, & S. M. Wilson. New York: Routledge. 235-263

Cooney, Adeline and Murphy, Kathy (2009). “Ethos of Care and Environment in Long-Stay Care Settings: Impacts on Residents’ Lives”, Valuing Older People: A Humanist Approach to Ageing. Ed. Edmondson, Ricca & Kondratowitz, Hans-Joachim Von, Bristol: The Policy Press. 161-176.

Davey, Judith, de Joux, Virginia, Nana, Ganesh and Arcus, Mathew (2004). Accommodation Options For Older People In Aotearoa/ New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: The Centre for Housing Research Aotearoa/New Zealand (CHRANZ).

Duben, Alan (2012). Kent, Aile, Tarih. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları.

Gamliel, Tova and Hazan, Haim (2006). “The Meaning of Stigma: Identity Construction in Two Old-Age Institutions”, Ageing & Society 26: 355-371.

Goffman, Erving (1961). Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates, New York: Anchor Books.

Gök, Fatma (2015). “Türkiye'de Eğitim ve Kadınlar”. 1980'ler Türkiyesi'nde Kadın Bakış Açısından Kadınlar, Ed. Ş. Tekeli. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları. 161-175

Görgün-Baran, Aylin (2003). “Yaşlılığın ve Yaşamın Anlamı Üzerine Niteliksel Araştırma”, II. Ulusal Yaşlılık Kongresi Bildiriler Kitabı. Denizli: Horoz Medya Yayınevi. 121-139.

Hazan, Haim (1994). Old Age: Constructions and Deconstructions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Işık, Caner (2002). Huzurevi ve Yaşlılık: İzmir Büyükşehir Belediyesi Zübeyde Hanım Huzurevi Örneğinde. Unpublished Master’s Dissertation, İzmir: Ege University Graduate School of Social Sciences.

Kağıtçıbaşı, Çiğdem (1982). The Changing Value of Children in Turkey. Papers of the East-West Population Institute No: 60. Honolulu, Hawaii: East West Center.

Kağıtçıbaşı, Çiğdem (1986). “Status of Women in Turkey: Cross-Cultural Perspectives” International Journal of Middle East Studies 18: 485-499.

Kağıtçıbaşı, Çiğdem (2002). “Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Family Change”. Autonomy and Dependence in the Family: Turkey and Sweden in Critical Perspective. Ed. R. Liljeström, & E. Özdalga. İstanbul: Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul. 19-39.

Kağıtçıbaşı, Çiğdem, Ataca, Bilge and Diri, Ayşesim (2010). “Intergenerational Relationship in the Family: Ethnic, Socioeconomic, and Country Variations in Germany, Israel, Palestine and Turkey”, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 41 (5-6): 652-670.

Kalaycıoğlu, Sibel, Tol, Uğraş Ulaş, Küçükkural, Önder and Kurtuluş, Cengiz (2003). Yaşlılar ve Yaşlı Yakınları Açısından Yaşam Biçimi Tercihleri, Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Reports No. 5, Ankara: TÜBİTAK.

Khan, David L. (1999). “Making the Best of It: Adapting to the Ambivalence of a Nursing Home Environment”, Qualitative Health Research 9 (1): 119-132.

Kongar, Emre (1970). “Türkiye'de Aile: Yapısı, Evrimi ve Bürokratik Örgütlerle İlişkileri”. Amme İdaresi Dergisi 3 (2): 58-83.

Lowenstein, Ariela (2005). “Global Ageing and Challenges to Familes”, The Cambridge Handbook of Age and Ageing. Ed. M. L. Johnson, V. L. Bengtson, P. G. Coleman, and T. B. L. Kirkwood. New York: Cambridge University Press. 437-442.

Ministry of Family and Social Policy (2015). Directorate General of Services for Persons with Disabilities and Elderly People, available at: http://eyh.aile.gov.tr/data/595de492290eac101cfd1a92/Ek-%20İl%20Bazlı%20Huzurevi%20Yaşlı%20Kuruluş%20Bakım%20ve%20İhtiyaç%20Sayıları%202015.xlsx, accessed on April 9th, 2018.

Ministry of Family and Social Policy (2018). Directorate General of Services for Persons with Disabilities and Elderly People, “Engelli ve Yaşlı Bireylere İlişkin İstatistiki Bilgiler”, İstatistik Bülteni, Ocak 2018. available at: http://eyh.aile.gov.tr/data/56179f30369dc5726c063e73/Bülten-Ocak2018(son).pdf, accessed on April 9th, 2018.

Montgomery, R. V., Gonyea, J. G., and Hooyman, N. R. (1985). “Caregiving and the Experience of Subjective and Objective Burden” Family Relations, 34 (1): 19-26.

Ogburn, William Fielding (1964). Social Change with Respect to Culture and Original Nature. Gloucester, Mass. England: Peter Smith.

Onat, Ümit and Tufan, Beril (2003). “Yaşlanma ve Sosyal Hizmet”. II. Ulusal Yaşlılık Kongresi Bildiriler Kitabı. Denizli: Horoz Medya Yayınevi. 69-79.

Önder Erol, Pelin and Gün, Elif (2018). “Being an Adult Child of an Elderly Person Living in a Nursing Home: A Phenomenological Approach to the Turkish Case”, Quality in Ageing and Older Adults 19 (2). [Article in Press]

Önder Erol, Pelin (2011). Sosyolojik Perspektiften Demografik Yaşlanma: Toplumsal, Ekonomik ve Politik Alanlarda Yaşlı Failliği, Unpublished PhD Dissertation. İzmir: Ege University Graduate School of Social Sciences.

Özbay, Ferhunde (2015). Dünden Bugüne Aile, Kent ve Nüfus. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları.

Ronch, Judah L. (2004). “Changing Institutional Culture”, Journal of Gerontological Social Work 43 (1): 61-82.

Rowland, D. T. (1984). “Old Age and the Demographic Transition”. Population Studies, 38: 73-87.

Rubin, Julius, H. (2005). “Total Institutions”, Encyclopaedia of Social Theory. Ed. George Ritzer, California: Sage Publications Inc. 843-845.

Ryden, Muriel B. (1984). “Morale and Perceived Control in Institutionalized Elderly”, Nursing Research 33 (3): 130-136.

Stroller, Eleanor Palo and Pugliesi, Karen L. (1989). “Other Roles of Caregivers: Competing Responsibilities or Supportive Resources”. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 44: 231-238.

Timur, Serim (1972). Türkiye’de Aile Yapısı. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi Yayınları.

Tischler Henry L. (1993). Introduction to Sociology. Fort Worth: The Hartcourt Press.

Turkish Statistical Institute (2006). Family Structure Research Data Base, available at: https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/aileyapidagitimapp/aileyapi.zul, accessed on February 6th, 2018.

Turkish Statistical Institute (2017). Address Based Population Registration System, available at: https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?kn=95&locale=tr, accessed on April 9th, 2018.

Wiersma, Elaine and Dupuis Sherry, L. (2010). “Becoming Institutionalized Bodies: Socialization into a Long-Term Care Home”, Journal of Aging Studies 24: 278-291.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11616/AbantSbe.

Bu makaleye yapılan atıflar

  • Bu makaleye yapılan atıf(lar) tespit edilememiştir.



İletişim Adresi: Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 14030 Gölköy-BOLU

Tel: 0 374 254 10 00, Dahili: 1478/ 1496, Faks: 0 374 253 49 71

E-posta: sbedergi@ibu.edu.tr